One of the most important forms in Carnatic music i.e. Tana Varnam is taught which lays the foundation for all further learning. Varnams lay basics for gamaka which is one of the major traits of Carnatic music.Learning Varnams is given importance to enhance the skills in manodharma sangeetha.
Tana Varnam as the name suggests are important for singing Tanams (most advanced concept of carnatic music). Apart from this they are wholesome compositions from which Raga, Tala, Swara prayogams, Swara patterns, Raga alapana, neraval and swaraprasthara can all be grasped and learnt.
Alankarams (3 speeds ) in Shankarabaranam, Mayamalavagowla,Shuddha Saveri and Mohanam Dhaatu varisais in 3 speeds in the above 4 ragams. 2 swarajathis (eg. Ra ra venu and Sambashivayanave) 1 Lakshana Geetham Sarali varisais and janta varisais should be sung as akaram in 3 speeds and 4 ragams.